With a name that comes from the crossing of two words, Ollanta (proper name) ytambo (grocery store), alluding to an Inca legend, it can be said that the celebrations are chained throughout December and January from the Misk’a Raymi (an agrarian festivity to celebrate the first harvest of corn) to the traditional Fall of Kings from January 5 to 8, passing through the Sinkuy with which the year is inaugurated.
Let’s go in parts. The Sinkuy is a bowling game that takes place on January 1 and is organized by the mayors of the district communities on the occasion of their inauguration. The beautiful main square of Ollantaytambo is the meeting point for young people, who come dressed in their regional dress but with a special floral decoration. In addition, they carry pitchers of chicha and various viands, including breads with animal form.
The bowls are of wood decorated with red flowers and must be demolished with two balls of the same material that are throwing mixed pairs, the first of them formed by the Mayor and the wife of a varayoc (head of community). Each round involves putting money into a fund with which the varayocs will invite later, when they return, to the members of their respective communities. Background music rhythmically sounds pututus (wind instruments made with horn of cow).
Days later, beginning January 5, another chapter begins: the Descent of Kings. The huariruros (inhabitants of the communities of Huilloq and Patacancha), led by their varayocs and wearing an intense red color, march in a festive parade to Ollantaytambo carrying the Boy Jesus de Marcacocha – identified syncretically with Melchor – and accompanied by groups of traditional dance Who play a dance called huallata.
The entourage is received in the church of Niño Samachina by dancers who perform more typical dances, symbolizing the union of the peoples of the puna. Marcacocha’s Baby Jesus meets the images of the two local children and they dance around.
The following day, in the afternoon, there is a curious bullfight popular in an improvised bullring, in which the bull must be free, without blows, and the crutches are replaced by the native colored ponchos. The processions and festivals are prolonged.
Finally, on the 8th, the fiestas end and the members of the parade return to their home villages.